The RJ11 standard is used for the phone. It is an international standard that is used to connect the phone to the telecommunications network.
The information transmitted can be digital or analog (DSL).
The telephone cable that usually happens at the Subscriber has 4 twisted pairs: one pair is used.
The two central contacts, 2 and 3, are used to the phone line and the colours help to guide the user. The tension between the two Cables is about 48 volts.
The continuous tension between the 2 connectors RJ11 connections varies from one country to another.
Each country has standardized its phone jacks.
In Spain, a Spanish royal decree defines the use cases of the RJ11 and RJ45 for users of the telephone network.
In Belgium, there are several wiring RJ11 type:
-2 links: blue, white - blue
-4 links: blue, orange, orange - white, white - blue
In the United States, the colours of white and blue strands are reversed with the Orange and Brown strands.
Reception and transmission of different connectors RJ11-RJ14-RJ25 functions:
|POSITION||PIN RJ25||PIN RJ14||PIN RJ11||TWISTED PAIR||R/T||COLOR TWISTED PAIR||COLORS RJ25|
|1||1||-||-||PAIR - 3||T||WHITE / GREEN||WHITE / GREEN|
|2||2||1||-||PAIR - 2||T||WHITE / ORANGE||WHITE / ORANGE|
|3||3||2||1||PAIR - 1||R||BLUE||BLUE / WHITE|
|4||3||2||-||PAIR - 1||T||WHITE / BLUE||WHITE / BLUE|
|5||5||4||-||PAIR - 2||R||ORANGE||ORANGE / WHITE|
|6||6||-||-||PAIR - 3||R||GREEN||GREEN / WHITE|
U.S. phone wiring
Four wires are typically used in U.S. phone cabling, only two are necessary for telecommunication. In the event that a second line is needed, the other two are used.
They are also available to provide power for telephone dial lamps (6 volts AC, as in the Princess phone), or other features.
RJ11: the \T\
A telephone jack in T uses 8 standard connections, each corresponding to a bit of a different color: gray, white, blue, purple, Brown, yellow, orange.
However, a phone needs only two strands (usually grey and white), the others being mainly used for faxes.
Adapters can be used from one country to another according to the wiring.
The adapter converts and sends voice signals.
Each country has standardized its phone shots.
There are about 44 different variations of catch and standards. In Germany there is the TAE connector.
The RJ standards had many different configurations which have been abbreviated.
The terminology of today is: RJ11, RJ12 or for a plug 6-pin RJ14 and RJ45 for a 8-pole plug